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- Lack of capacity and slot restriction
- Failed attempt to replace the airport
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- Mexico City International Airport
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"Mexico City Airport" redirects here. For other uses, see Mexico City Airport (disambiguation).
"Benito Juárez Airport" redirects here. For the airport in Argentina, see Benito Juárez Airport (Argentina).
"Juárez Airport" redirects here.
For the airport in Ciudad Juárez, see Abraham González International Airport.
Airport that serves Mexico City, Mexico
Mexico City International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México
Mexico City Airport Terminal 2
|Owner||Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México|
|Operator||Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares|
|Serves||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Location||Venustiano Carranza, Mexico City|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||7,316 ft / 2,230 m|
|Coordinates||19°26′10″N099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194|
Location within Mexico CityShow map of Mexico City
MEX (Mexico)Show map of Mexico
MEX (North America)Show map of North America
Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City.
It is Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport by passenger traffic and aircraft movements. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area. The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico. In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.
This airport is served by 30 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers.
As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub.
It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris, and a focus city for VivaAerobus. On a typical day, more than 100,000 passengers pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on four continents. In 2018, the airport handled 47,700,547 passengers, a 6.6% increase compared to 2017.
Operating near the limits of its capacity, calls for replacing the airport were announced in September 2014, with the proposed location to be built 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north-northeast of the current airport, east of Ecatepec. In January 2019, construction of the new airport was cancelled.
Located at the neighbourhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico City is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A.
Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast.
Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.
The original site, known as Llanos de Balbuena, had been used for aeronautical activities since 1910, when Alberto Braniff became the first to fly an aeroplane in Mexico, and in Latin America. The flight was onboard of a Voisin biplane.
On November 30, 1911, President Francisco I. Madero, was the first head of State in the world to fly onboard of a Deperdussin airplane piloted by Geo M. Dyott of Moisant International. In 1915 the airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways.
Construction of a small civilian airport began in 1928. The first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started in 1929, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an international airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft.
Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana.
Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951.
On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the passenger terminal, which later became Terminal 1.
In 1956 the airport had four runways in service: 05L-23R (2,720m long, 40m wide), 05R-23L (3,000m long, 45m wide), with electric lights for night-time service; 13-31 (2,300m long, 40m wide) which had been built to relieve 14-32, to which residential areas had encroached too closely; and 5 Auxiliar (759m long).
On December 2, 1963, Walter C.
Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport).
In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed the two remaining shorter runways (13/31 and 5 Auxiliar); on the land of 13-31 a social housing complex was built, Unidad Fiviport. leaving the two parallel runways.
In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports.
Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México, S.A. de C.V. (GACM)
Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.
On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.
The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure.
On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.
Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential decree that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.
Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational.
It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services.
In 2001, in order to further improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.
Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests took place in 2002, the new airport was cancelled. Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year.
This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled.
The renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.
Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro and Orizaba. The new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighbourhood.
The airport was formally named after the 19th-century president Benito Juárez in 2006.
On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%.
The terminal was inaugurated by former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.
Lack of capacity and slot restriction
The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area.
In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00 –22:59). Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, for this reason, only government, military, commercial and specially authorised aircraft are allowed to use the airport.
Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.
Failed attempt to replace the airport
Main article: New Mexico City international airport
Construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014, who said that it would be "emblemático": a national symbol, replacing the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity.
It was to have a single terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) and four of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft).
The architects were Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.
Construction was to take eight years, costing 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 9–13 billion U.S.
dollars, depending on the source, on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport. The terminal was to be sustainable, aiming at a LEED Platinum certification. The project was cancelled on October 30, 2018 following a referendum. The costs of cancellation are estimated at over US$5 billion.
Terminals and facilities
Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals.
Grupo aeroportuario de la ciudad de mexico ipo
Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.
- Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
- Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
- Contact positions: 33
- Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
- Number of jetways: 33
- Number of airside halls: 10
- Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9
- Number of mobile-lounges: 11
- Hotel service:
- Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
- Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
- Number of baggage claim carousels: 22
- Opened in 2007
- Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
- Contact positions: 23
- Remote positions: 18 (Aeromar and Aeroméxico Connect)
- Number of jetways: 23
- Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
- Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
- Hotel service:
- Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
- Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
- Number of baggage claim carousels: 15)
- Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
- Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers
Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems.
The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.
Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.
These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.
Mexico City International Airport
Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution centre. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.
Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.,Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares. The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but ceased operations on May 4, 2011.
Airlines and destinations
The airport connects 52 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia.
Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international. Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings.
Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet.
This table lists passengers flights served with a nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers originating in Mexico City according to the airlines' published schedules, unless otherwise noted.
|Aeromar||Acapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Ixtepec, Lázaro Cárdenas, Manzanillo (begins March 2, 2020),McAllen, Oaxaca, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro (begins March 2, 2020),Saltillo, San Luis Potosí, Tamuín, Tepic, Veracruz|
|Aeroméxico||Acapulco, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Culiacán, Detroit, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Havana, Hermosillo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Mazatlán, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Tijuana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Vancouver, Villahermosa|
Seasonal:Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Tapachula
|Aeroméxico Connect||Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Austin, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Managua, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Panama City, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas|
|Air Canada Rouge||Toronto–Pearson|
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo–Narita|
|American Airlines||Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor|
|Avianca El Salvador||San Salvador|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou1|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City|
|Cubana de Aviación||Havana (suspended)|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St.
Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City
|Hainan Airlines||Beijing–Capital2 (ends May 18, 2020)|
|Interjet||Acapulco, Bogotá, Campeche, Cancún, Cartagena, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Havana, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Orlando, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Salvador, Santa Clara, Tampico, Tijuana, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Vancouver, Veracruz, Villahermosa|
|LATAM Brasil||São Paulo–Guarulhos|
|LATAM Chile||Santiago de Chile|
|Magnicharters||Cancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo|
|United Airlines||Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles|
|VivaAerobus||Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, Mazatlán, Mérida, Monterrey, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa, Zacatecas|
|Volaris||Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua|
Kennedy disembark Air Force One, June 29, 1962
The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.
Aerial view of the airport before the construction of Terminal 2.
Interjet links the airport with 51 destinations within Mexico and other 7 countries.